Tending the Wild: Native American Knowledge and the Management of California's Natural Resources

Tending the Wild: Native American Knowledge and the Management of California's Natural Resources❮EPUB❯ ✺ Tending the Wild: Native American Knowledge and the Management of California's Natural Resources Author M. Kat Anderson – Heartforum.co.uk John Muir was an early proponent of a view we still hold today that much of California was pristine, untouched wilderness before the arrival of Europeans But as this groundbreaking book demonstrates, John Muir was an early Wild: Native PDF/EPUB é proponent of a view we still hold today that much of California was pristine, untouched wilderness before the arrival of Europeans But as this groundbreaking book demonstrates, Tending the PDF or what Muir was really seeing when he admired the grand vistas of Yosemite and the gold and purple flowers carpeting the Central Valley were the fertile gardens of the Sierra Miwok and Valley the Wild: Native PDF/EPUB » Yokuts Indians, modified and made productive by centuries of harvesting, tilling, sowing, pruning, and burning Marvelously detailed and beautifully written, Tending the Wild is an unparalleled examination of Native American knowledge and uses of California s natural resources that reshapes our understanding of native cultures and shows how we might begin to use their knowledge in our own conservation effortsM Kat Anderson presents a wealth of information on native land management practices gleaned in part from interviews and correspondence with Native Americans who recall what their grandparents told them about how and when areas were burned, which plants were eaten and which were used for basketry, and how plants were tended The complex picture that emerges from this and other historical source material dispels the hunter gatherer stereotype long perpetuated in anthropological and historical literature We come to see California s indigenous people as active agents of environmental change and stewardship Tending the Wild persuasively argues that this traditional ecological knowledge is essential if we are to successfully meet the challenge of living sustainably.

Is a well known author, Wild: Native PDF/EPUB é some of his books are a fascination for readers like in the Tending the Wild: Native American Knowledge and the Management of California's Natural Resources book, this Tending the PDF or is one of the most wanted M Kat Anderson author readers around the world.

Tending the Wild: Native American Knowledge and the
    Tending the Wild: Native American Knowledge and the of California s natural resources that reshapes our understanding of native cultures and shows how we might begin to use their knowledge in our own conservation effortsM Kat Anderson presents a wealth of information on native land management practices gleaned in part from interviews and correspondence with Native Americans who recall what their grandparents told them about how and when areas were burned, which plants were eaten and which were used for basketry, and how plants were tended The complex picture that emerges from this and other historical source material dispels the hunter gatherer stereotype long perpetuated in anthropological and historical literature We come to see California s indigenous people as active agents of environmental change and stewardship Tending the Wild persuasively argues that this traditional ecological knowledge is essential if we are to successfully meet the challenge of living sustainably."/>
  • Paperback
  • 555 pages
  • Tending the Wild: Native American Knowledge and the Management of California's Natural Resources
  • M. Kat Anderson
  • English
  • 13 June 2018
  • 0520248511

10 thoughts on “Tending the Wild: Native American Knowledge and the Management of California's Natural Resources

  1. Richard Reese says:

    Nature really misses us, laments M Kat Anderson We no longer have a relationship with plants and animals, and that s the reason why they re going away Anderson is the author of Tending the Wild, in which she describes the relationships that California Indians have with the plants and animals, the rocks and streams, the sacred land which is their ancient home It s an essential book for pilgrims who strive to envision the long and rugged path back home to wildness, freedom, and sustainabil Nature really misses us, laments M Kat Anderson We no longer have a relationship with plants and animals, and that s the reason why they re going away Anderson is the author of Tending the Wild, in which she describes the relationships that California Indians have with the plants and animals, the rocks and streams, the sacred land which is their ancient home It s an essential book for pilgrims who strive to envision the long and rugged path back home to wildness, freedom, and sustainability.In medieval Europe, hungry dirty peasant farmers succeeded in painstakingly perfecting a miserable, laborious, backbreaking form of agriculture that depleted the soil, and produced minimal yields with erratic inconsistency They were malnourished, unhealthy, and most of them died young whilst the lords and ladies, who claimed to own the land, wallowed in a rich sludge of glitter and gluttony.When European explorers arrived in California, they discovered half naked heathen barbarians who were exceedingly healthy, and enjoyed an abundance of nourishing wild foods that they acquired without sweat or toil Clearly, these savages were people who suffered from a lack of civilization s elevated refinements agriculture, smallpox, uncomfortable ugly clothing, brutal enslavement, and religious enlightenment from priests who preached the virtues of love, but practiced exploitive racist cruelty In 1868, Titus Fey Cronise wrote that when whites arrived, the land of California was filled with elk, deer, hares, rabbits, quail, and other animals fit for food the rivers and lakes swarming with salmon, trout, and other fish, their beds and banks covered with mussels, clams, and other edible mollusca the rocks on its sea shores crowded with seal and otter and its forests full of trees and plants, bearing acorns, nuts, seeds, and berries The greed crazed Europeans went absolutely berserk, rapidly destroying whatever could be converted into money forests, waterfowl, whales, deer, elk, salmon, gold nuggets Grizzly bear meat was offered at most restaurants There were fortunes to be made, the supply of valuable resources was inexhaustible, and the foolish Indians were so lazy that they let all of this wealth go to waste There were 500 to 600 different tribes in California, speaking many different languages In North America, the population density of California Indians was second only to the Aztec capitol of Mexico City They lived quite successfully by hunting, fishing, and foraging without domesticated plants or animals, without plowing or herding, without fortified cities, authoritarian rulers, perpetual warfare, horrid sanitation, or epidemics of contagious disease The Indians found the Europeans to be incredibly peculiar The Pit River people called them enellaaduwi wanderers homeless people with no attachment to the land or its creatures The bulk of Tending the Wild describes how the California Indians tended the land They did not merely wander across the countryside in hopes of randomly discovering plant and animal foods They had an intimate, sacred relationship with the land, and they tended it in order to encourage the health of their closest relatives the plant and animal communities upon which they depended Fires were periodically set to clear away brush, promote the growth of grasses and herbs, and increase the numbers of larger game animals Burning significantly altered the ecosystem on a massive scale, but it didn t lead to the creation of barren wastelands over time, like agriculture continues to do, at an ever accelerating rate California has a long dry season, and wildfires sparked by lightening are a normal occurrence in this ecosystem Nuts, grains, and seeds are a very useful source of food They re rich in oils, calories, and protein They can be stored for long periods, enabling survival through lean seasons and lean years The quantity of acorns foraged each year was not regular and dependable, but many were gathered in years of abundance A diverse variety of wildflowers and grasses can provide a dependable supply of seeds and grains The Indians tended the growth of important plants in a number of ways pruning, weeding, burning, watering, replanting bulbs, sowing seeds Communities of cherished plants were deliberately expanded The Indians were blessed with a complete lack of advanced Old World technology They luckily had no draft animals or plows, so their soil disturbing activities were mostly limited to digging bulbs, corms, and tubers, and planting small tobacco gardens.Today, countless ecosystems are being ravaged by agriculture A few visionaries, like Wes Jackson at the Land Institute, are working to develop a far less destructive mode of farming, based on mechanically harvesting the grain from perennial plants This research is a slow process, and success is not expected any time soon California Indians developed a brilliant, time proven, sustainable system for producing seeds and grain without degrading the ecosystem So did the wild rice gatherers of the Great Lakes region They built no cities, and they did not suffer from the misery and monotony of civilization They had no powerful leaders, ruling classes, or legions of exploited slaves They were not warlike societies Their ecosystems were clean and healthy They lived like real human beings wild, free, and happy.Tending the Wild is an important book It presents us with stories of a way of life that worked, and worked remarkably well This is precious knowledge for us to contemplate, as our own society is rapidly circling the drain, and our need for remembering healthy old ideas has never been greater

  2. Fleece says:

    LITERALLY AMAZING destroys both anthropological and ecologic assumptions about native californians and their role in the landscape, that is, CA was NOT a pristine wilderness and as much as i like muir SUCK IT, muir , much of the abundance and beautiful structure of the plant communities resulted from indigenous expert care and knowledge book deconstructs white western concept of wilderness and integrates native californian history current concerns w environmental problems CREDITS NATIVE P LITERALLY AMAZING destroys both anthropological and ecologic assumptions about native californians and their role in the landscape, that is, CA was NOT a pristine wilderness and as much as i like muir SUCK IT, muir , much of the abundance and beautiful structure of the plant communities resulted from indigenous expert care and knowledge book deconstructs white western concept of wilderness and integrates native californian history current concerns w environmental problems CREDITS NATIVE PEOPLE WHO WERE SOURCES OF INFORMATION which is super important in this context because a lot of native knowledge is disregarded columbusing eh basically i m pissed this wasn t required reading for like all my major s classes not even ethnobotany came close

  3. Tom Lichtenberg says:

    I live in coastal central California, in a relatively rural environment I often like to imagine what it was like before the arrival of Europeans The usual history tells of small nomadic primitive savages living off the land, basically as scavengers Sure, they could make a mean waterproof basket, but otherwise there is nothing much to say about these people And very little is said about the landscape or ecology of the area It is what it is, redwoods and oaks and such This book tells a very I live in coastal central California, in a relatively rural environment I often like to imagine what it was like before the arrival of Europeans The usual history tells of small nomadic primitive savages living off the land, basically as scavengers Sure, they could make a mean waterproof basket, but otherwise there is nothing much to say about these people And very little is said about the landscape or ecology of the area It is what it is, redwoods and oaks and such This book tells a very different story, of populous, settled societies tending the land while enjoying a culture of abundance for hundreds of years The sheer number of animals was stunning to the first Europeans, birds in the millions, deer and antelope in the hundreds of thousands, bears and lions and the rivers so thick with salmon that men on horseback could not cross Those Europeans came from a culture of poverty and vast inequality, and quickly established the same sort of society here We all take it for granted Like them we can hardly imagine the opposite it is true that a culture of struggle and hardship produced our modern civilization with all of its inventions and science, but at the price that for most people, life is hard and there is no end to unfairness and violence We have only been here for a short time My grandfather s grandfather s grandfather was around when the Spanish began to enslave the native residents here it is estimated that their cultures here remained in equilibrium for a hundred times as many generations back I am always enchanted to see a flock of quail scurrying about This book informs me that less than two hundred years ago, such a flock would have numbered in the millions, that this region has been so vastly redone that my attempts at imagining it are futile

  4. Tao says:

    the foundation of this book indigenous people s stewardship of the land carries important lessons for us in the modern world There were no clear cut distinction between hunter gatherers the category into which most California Indians had been tossed and theadvanced agricultural peoples of the ancient world Through twelve thousand oryears of existence in what is now California, humans knit themselves to nature through their vast knowledge base and practical experience the foundation of this book indigenous people s stewardship of the land carries important lessons for us in the modern world There were no clear cut distinction between hunter gatherers the category into which most California Indians had been tossed and theadvanced agricultural peoples of the ancient world Through twelve thousand oryears of existence in what is now California, humans knit themselves to nature through their vast knowledge base and practical experience 2 The word for wilderness is absent from many tribal vocabularies, as is the word for civilization 3 California Indians have never advocated leaving nature alone 6 Much of what we consider wilderness today was in fact shaped by Indian burning, harvesting, tilling, pruning, sowing, and tending 8 One third of the state s 6,300 native plant species are endemics and grow nowhere else on earth 13 In 1542 one hundred languages resonated across California s myriad landscapes one quarter of the 418 native languages that existed within the borders of the present day United States 14 Excluding desert and high elevation areas, it was almost impossible for early Euro American explorers to gothan a few miles without encountering indigenous people 34 Estimates of California s total population vary from 133,000 to 705,000 about 310,000 is the most widely accepted number 34 Alfred Kroeber listed between five and six hundred tribes as the number of sociopolitical groups that were autonomous and self governing and encompassed a cluster of two orseparate villages led by a chief 35 The great linguistic diversity reflects the termendous length of time people have been here 37 California had been peopled for at least 12,000 to 13,500 years when European settlement began 37 Migration stories are absent from the lore of many tribes 37 The Sierra Miwok, for example, relied on nearly 160 plant species for food andthan 110 plant species for medicines 42 In aboriginal California, women were the ethnobotanists, testing, selecting, and tending much of the plant world, and men were the ethnozoologists, applying their intimate knowledge of animal behavior to skillful hunting 41 The California poppy Eschscholzia californica alleviated Yuka toothaches, fed Sierra Miwok stomachs, healed Wintu newborn babies navels, and induced sleep among the Ohlone 42 Many of the 66 species of freshwater fishes, 46 amphibians, 96 reptiles, 563 birds, and 190 mammals that inhabited California were incorporated into the ethnozoologies of the tribes 45 A great variety of insects grasshoppers, cicadas, ants, flies, crickets were used for food and other items 47 While gathering or hunting, people all over California followed two overarching rules Leave some of what is gathered for the other animals and Do not waste what you have harvested 55 From 1769 to 1890 the population plummeted from approximately 310,000 to 17,000 64 1542 Spanish became first non Indians on Alta California 65 1769 First permanent European colony, Spanish, in Alta California 72 Though initially some indigenous people willingly joined the mission system, by 1787, recruitment was sometimes forced 72 Disobedient Indians were whipped with a barbed lash, subjected to solitary confinement, mutilated, locked in stocks and hobbles, branded, and sometimes executed 75 With the acquisition of horses from the colonists, these Indians changed from peaceful, sedentary, localized groups to semiwarlike, seminomadic groups 82

  5. Angela Dawn says:

    A groundbreaking work if you can forgive the pun that will strongly influence, and potentially profoundly change, the way we view nature, the subtle sophistication of the Native Americans, the importance of their knowledge in our own struggle to preserve our natural resources and heritage, and the horrific tragedy of genocide perpetrated against them by those who considered themselves superior and advanced , but who were actually too arrogant, ignorant, unsophisticated, greedy, and brutal to A groundbreaking work if you can forgive the pun that will strongly influence, and potentially profoundly change, the way we view nature, the subtle sophistication of the Native Americans, the importance of their knowledge in our own struggle to preserve our natural resources and heritage, and the horrific tragedy of genocide perpetrated against them by those who considered themselves superior and advanced , but who were actually too arrogant, ignorant, unsophisticated, greedy, and brutal to recognize all they could have learned The very attitudes that have brought our beautiful home planet to the brink of destruction.This book is a primer of mindful environmentalism, responsible stewardship, and the humble recognition of our rightful and honest place in the world of living creatures For myself, it reminded me poignantly of what I have long believed, that the destruction and loss of tribal cultures was the harbinger of the environmental catastrophe we now face.It can be said of Homo Sapiens, as much as of any species we have endangered or extincted, What right have we to drive these miracles off the Earth May we learn the lessons they have to teach us before it s too late

  6. Anna says:

    I would give it ten stars if I could.

  7. Zach Elfers says:

    This is one of the best books ever written This is aboutthan anthropology, ethnobotany, and ecology This is about a lifeway that sustained our ancestors for thousands of years, not just in California but across the world Tending the Wild reveals what native peoples have long known, and what most of the colonized world has forgotten While M Kat Anderson never quite spells it out, her well researched study still effectively illustrates the point that living an empathetic existence with This is one of the best books ever written This is aboutthan anthropology, ethnobotany, and ecology This is about a lifeway that sustained our ancestors for thousands of years, not just in California but across the world Tending the Wild reveals what native peoples have long known, and what most of the colonized world has forgotten While M Kat Anderson never quite spells it out, her well researched study still effectively illustrates the point that living an empathetic existence with the natural world leads to deep symbiosis M Kat Anderson describes how California Native Americans managed their ecosystems not only to provide for their nourishment, but at the same time to regenerate, and grow with evenabundance in the following years This is counter intuitive to the civilized point of view which is object oriented and extraction oriented Many of us in the developed world have forgotten that relationship oriented, reciprocal lifeway which holds the origins of all of us Tending the Wild also indirectly dispels of the commonplace myth of hunter gatherers living a hand to mouth existence without footprint on the land

  8. Susan says:

    This may be the most solarpunk book I ve ever read though, of course, this book was written far earlier A fascinating look at what constitutes ethnobotany, kind of text book in terms of writing There were bits in the middle especially with the burning practices that grew to be a little redundant, but overall, very informative.

  9. Sam says:

    very academic, but good

  10. Max Carmichael says:

    Clearly a labor of academic love, Anderson s paradigm shifting book may have sparked a quiet revolution among a tiny minority of its readers, but its revelations continue to be overlooked by the majority of biologists and anthropologists, who have too much of their careers and identities invested in the fallacies they were taught in school.While working independently toward some of Anderson s myriad observations, I glimpsed this book on the shelves of friends time and again, knowing I d have to Clearly a labor of academic love, Anderson s paradigm shifting book may have sparked a quiet revolution among a tiny minority of its readers, but its revelations continue to be overlooked by the majority of biologists and anthropologists, who have too much of their careers and identities invested in the fallacies they were taught in school.While working independently toward some of Anderson s myriad observations, I glimpsed this book on the shelves of friends time and again, knowing I d have to tackle it some day Reading and absorbing it is a project in itself My one criticism is that, knowing the close scrutiny her work would receive from academic colleagues, Anderson undermines its impact by relying too much on some Western paradigms that her work clearly invalidates She mentions once or twice that the Western concept of resource management reflects an alienated relationship with natural habitats, yet she uses the term management overwhelmingly to describe native practices And her constant labeling of her subjects as Californian a post contact Euro American political entity which is completely irrelevant to the natural contexts and social networks in which natives identified themselves undermines the universal relevance of her observations.In a perfect world, Tending the Wild would just be the beginning of a universal re grounding of our dominant society in its natural context Studies in ecology and anthropology from across the planet would be compiled and summarized in similar forms The fallacies of civilized superiority, linear time and the Anthropocene, hunter gatherers and the Paleo Diet, the blaming of Pleistocene extinctions on Native Americans, the importance of the Agricultural Revolution, and human exceptionalism would finally be put to rest Humans in dominant societies would finally recognize themselves as animals, equal partners in natural ecosystems in which other life forms have much to teach us, no species is wiser orknowledgeable than the others, and all are humbled by the Great Mysteries

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